· Isolation itself, is as significant to mortality rate as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and lack of exercise.
· The fact is, isolated men are 2 to 3 times more likely to die compared to men with close social ties; for isolated women, the risk is one and a half times greater than for more socially connected women.
· The difference between men and women pertaining to the impact of isolation might be because women tend to have more relationships that are comforting and connecting than the small number of friendships formed by men.
· Importantly noted, solitude is not the same as isolation; many people who live by themselves or see few friends are happy and healthy. Rather, it is the subjective sense of being cut off from people, not connecting with others that is the profound health risk.