Friday, December 12, 2014
The Importance of Body-Fat Distribution
Where a person tends to store body fat is one of the determinants of future health.
Studies suggest that weight gain in the abdominal area (referred to as apple shape), or android obesity doubles the risk for coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and stroke, compared to people of the same overall body fat who tend to store fat in the gynoid pattern, namely in the hips, buttocks, and thighs (pear shape).
The reason for this difference seems to be that fat in the abdomen is more easily mobilized and sent into the bloodstream, thus increasing the risk of disease - related blood fat levels.
In general, men tend to gain weight in the apple shape pattern, while women are more likely to store fat in the pear shaped pattern.
To determine body-fat distribution pattern, a very simple waist-to-hip ratio can be utilized. If the ratio exceeds 0.86 for women and 0.95 for men, there is an increased risk/tendency to store fat in the android (apple) pattern.